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Updated: May 15, 2020
If you’ve taken out a Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan, you likely know that one of the big benefits is the ability to get the loan forgiven in the future. The entire loan could potentially be forgivable. However, the forgivable amount of your PPP loan will depend on how you use the funds and whether you maintain staff levels and pay.
You can use this checklist to help ensure you’re on track — and stay on track — when it comes to PPP loan forgiveness and having as much of it forgiven as possible.
To qualify for any loan forgiveness:
The forgivable portion of your loan can also be reduced if you don’t maintain or quickly rehire your employees, or if you reduce employees’ pay by more than 25%.
The total amount you can borrow depends entirely on your payroll expenses. But, all the loan proceeds that you spend on the following types of expenses are covered under PPP loan forgiveness:
For the mortgage, rent, and utility payments to qualify, the loan, lease, or service must have begun before February 15, 2020.
There are also several exclusions to PPP loan forgiveness. If you use the money for the following, those amounts won’t be forgiven:
Additionally, only loan proceeds that you spend on qualified expenses during the eight weeks after you receive your loan — which may be later than when you signed your loan agreement — count toward the forgivable portion.
While you can’t prepay mortgage interest and rent payments, consider how the timeline compares to your regular payroll schedule and if you may want to make adjustments.
Up to the full loan amount and accrued interest can be forgiven if you qualify for the PPP loan. However, your forgivable amount can also be reduced if:
Consult your PPP checklist: If you don’t maintain the average number of full-time equivalent employees or reduce wages, a proportional part of your loan won’t be forgivable.
On May 3, 2020, the Treasury Department clarified (FAQ 40) that if you previously laid off an employee and then offered to rehire them at the same rate, but the employee declined, that your forgivable amount won’t be reduced. Keep copies of your written employment offer and records of the person’s decision.
During the following eight weeks, you’ll want to track and keep proof of any payments you make that will qualify you for loan forgiveness. These documents for PPP forgiveness could include:
You may need to provide additional documentation as lenders and the SBA work out the verification and forgiveness process. But, at a minimum, you’ll want to have these documents for PPP loans on hand.
You may be able to apply for loan forgiveness directly with your PPP lender eight weeks after you receive the loan. Once you apply, the lender has 60 days to review your application and make a decision regarding if you qualify for PPP loan forgiveness.
You won’t need to make any loan payments during this period, as all PPP loan payments are automatically deferred for six months.
Any amounts that don’t qualify for PPP loan forgiveness will need to be repaid to the lender. The loan payments won’t begin until the end of the deferment period, and the loan will have a 1% interest rate and two-year term. If you want to repay the loan early, there’s no prepayment penalty.