Read between the lines: What does rising inflation mean for your money?

Each month we will be bringing you a regular column from Simon Read, a personal finance expert with extensive experience in helping people make the most of their money. In his last piece, Simon looked at the changes introduced last month with the new tax year.

Inflation is rising – and is set to climb even higher by the end of the year. Official figures revealed a surprise jump in the headline rate of inflation to 2.3% in March, its highest rate for four years. And it is estimated to climb to 2.8% by the end of the year.

Why is it rising and why should you be worried about it? Inflation is measured by comparing the price of a basket of goods. They represent typical purchases by British people and the way the basket itself changes is interesting. For instance, this year has seen the introduction of gin and cycle helmets to the basket to reflect changing spending habits. Meanwhile menthol cigarettes and fees for stopped cheques have been dropped. As an aside, VHS video tapes were only scrapped from the inflation basket 10 years ago, although it seems like a lifetime since anyone bought them!

The inflation figure tries to reflect the real-life spending patterns and rising – or falling – costs. And rising inflation means it’s getting more expensive to live. It’s been ever thus. However higher inflation is hopefully offset by higher wages, meaning your money should go as far as ever.

But there’s one area where inflation is hitting hard right now – our savings. If you can’t get a savings return higher than inflation, you’re losing money. The cash in your nest egg will be worth less and less as inflation outstrips the returns you get. And right now, no-one can get an inflation-beating rate from traditional banks and building societies with even the much-heralded new Government-backed savings bond paying less than inflation at 2.2%.

So if you don’t want your savings to shrink, you need to do something about it. That means finding better returns. But you can only get better returns by exposing your hard-earned cash to greater risks/Does rising inflation strengthen the argument for investing in peer-to-peer platforms? Of course it does. But it also strengthens the argument for investing in stock markets, where you may be able to get even better returns. For instance, the FTSE-100 climbed from a level of 6200 a year ago to around 7200 now. That’s a rise of 16%. If you’d invested in the right funds 12 months ago, you’d be sitting on returns that far outstrip inflation.

But the key to stock market investing is timing. Get it wrong, and you could face huge losses. For instance if you’d whacked your savings into the market on 20 March, you would have got in when the FTSE stood at 7430. That was the day that the current Prime Minister sent markets spinning by revealing she would be triggering Article 50 just over a week later. If you’d have hung on until 20 April and then sold in panic you would have got out when the FTSE stood at 7118. That would have meant a loss of more than 4% in just a month – not so attractive, is it!

The point is this: while inflation is a worry to savers, the fear of losing your nest egg is greater. It’s not sensible to switch all your savings out of low-paying bank and building society accounts into high-risk shares. The key is to find a balance. Keep your rainy day savings, your emergency money, to hand in a deposit account. Consider peer to peer platforms for your nest egg, cash you may not need for a while. And if you have money you can afford to risk, that you won’t need for at least five years, look at stock market-linked options, such as equity income funds.

The views expressed here belong to the author and do not represent those of Funding Circle. Funding Circle is not authorised to, and does not, provide investment, tax, legal or regulatory advice.

The information and views contained here are provided solely for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal, tax, regulatory, accounting or investment advice, or as a recommendation or an offer or invitation by Funding Circle.

To the extent permitted by law, Funding Circle does not accept any liability for any loss or damage which may arise directly or indirectly from the use of, or reliance on, such information contained here.

If you have any questions, please speak to your professional advisor or seek independent specialist advice

Read between the lines: New tax year, new tax planning

Over the next few months we will be bringing you a regular column from Simon Read, a personal finance expert with extensive experience in helping people make the most of their money. Last time we caught up with Simon to get his reaction to the recent Spring Budget. In this column, Simon looks at what changes the upcoming tax year may bring for you.

The new tax year begins on 6 April. There’s usually a lot of noise before that date for people to make the most of their existing year’s tax allowances, or lose them forever. That’s sound advice but making any financial decision in haste can lead to expensive mistakes. That’s why I encourage everyone to do their tax planning at the beginning of the financial year, so there’s plenty of time to take account of what may be a changing situation.

What’s different about the 2017/18 tax year? It’s mainly a question of changing limits – the deadline to act will be exactly the same as it has been in previous years, 5 April. For savers the most notable change is the increase in the tax-free ISA allowance to £20,000, up from £15,240. That’s a massive jump but, to my mind, the biggest advantage is that the new figure is a nice round number and easier to remember!

The 6th April also sees the introduction of the new Lifetime ISA, aimed at first-time homebuyers and people saving for their pension. You need to be under 40 to open one and the big attraction is that the government has promised to top up your savings by 25%. However there are several restrictions and a limit of £4,000 each year. So, while it’s worthwhile for hopeful homebuyers to take advantage or even switch an existing Help to Buy ISA to a Lifetime ISA, anyone looking to save for their retirement is likely to be better off sticking to a company pension scheme, if they have one.

There’s also the Innovative Finance ISA which allows you to shelter your investments through peer-to-peer platforms in a tax-free account. The established platforms are yet to launch their ISA products, so this is something to look out for.

Meanwhile the Personal Savings Allowance introduced in April 2016 continues and means you can earn £1,000 of interest and pay no tax on it if you’re a basic-rate taxpayer, and £500 of interest if you’re a higher-rate taxpayer.

The amount of tax the authorities will demand from you is likely to fall in 2017/18 as the personal allowance is climbing from £11,000 to £11,500. That means an extra £100 for basic rate taxpayers.

The higher rate threshold, the point at which you start paying tax at 40%, is effectively climbing from £43,000 to £45,000, giving anyone earning about that level a £300 boost. That’s unless you live in Scotland where the threshold has been frozen at £43,000.

I haven’t yet mentioned pensions, salary sacrifice, company car tax, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, or several other areas where the tax situation has changed or may require your action. The point is this: you now have 12 months to get your head around your tax situation and act to make the most of it.


The views expressed here belong to the author and do not represent those of Funding Circle. Funding Circle is not authorised to, and does not, provide investment, tax, legal or regulatory advice.

The information and views contained here are provided solely for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal, tax, regulatory, accounting or investment advice, or as a recommendation or an offer or invitation by Funding Circle.

To the extent permitted by law, Funding Circle does not accept any liability for any loss or damage which may arise directly or indirectly from the use of, or reliance on, such information contained here.

If you have any questions, please speak to your professional advisor or seek independent specialist advice.

Read between the lines: What does the Budget mean for you?

Over the next few months we will be bringing you a regular column from Simon Read, a personal finance expert with extensive experience in helping people make the most of their money. Simon has written extensively on personal finance issues for a number of national UK newspapers. Previously he was personal finance editor at The Independent, and is currently an expert on BBC1’s Right on the Money show.

Each month Simon will cut through the jargon to help you understand what is happening in the wider financial world. This month, we caught up with him to get his reaction to last week’s Spring Budget and what it means for you.

 

We’ll be hearing regularly from Simon over the next few months, so watch this space!

Enjoy lending,

The Funding Circle team

The views expressed here belong to the author and do not represent those of Funding Circle. Funding Circle is not authorised to, and does not, provide investment, tax, legal or regulatory advice.

The information and views contained here are provided solely for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal, tax, regulatory, accounting or investment advice, or as a recommendation or an offer or invitation by Funding Circle.

To the extent permitted by law, Funding Circle does not accept any liability for any loss or damage which may arise directly or indirectly from the use of, or reliance on, such information contained here.

If you have any questions, please speak to your professional advisor or seek independent specialist advice